"Tekatü", which means cross or intersection in Ottoman, is a railway junction that is only in England, America, India and Izmir in the world. It is the crossing of the rails perpendicular to each other, which is called "Diamond Crossing" in the literature due to the shape resulting from the intersection of two railway lines.
Hilal Tekatü History
Hilal Train Station is a station on the Central Line of İZBAN. The station uses İZBAN trains departing from Menemen to Cumaovası.
The station was first put into service on July 1, 1866 for the Izmir-Alsancak-Aydın railway. The station is located at the famous "Crescent Intersection" where the ORC and SCP intersect. Due to the shape originating from the intersection of the two railway lines, when the station was first opened, it was named "Cross" in Greek, which means "Cross". The station, which preserved its name from 1866 to 1923, was named "Crescent" after the foundation of the Republic in 1923, because the majority of the population of the city was Muslim, but railroaders neither called the Cross nor the Crescent. Railwaymen called the intersection where two lines intersected, "Tekatü", which means cut or intersection in Ottoman Turkish, and is still used today. It is referred to as the diamond crossroad all over the world.
It is immediately noticed that the intersection is constructed differently from other railway intersections. The world importance of the intersection, where the trains departing from Basmane-Alsancak stations meet and where the crossings are made in a controlled manner, is due to the low number of them. Their names are referred to in the literature as "diamond crossroads". It exists only in England, India, California and Izmir in the world.
In the past, when the steam locomotive passed through the Hilal Tekatü, the lights were turned off, candles were lit, and they were passed with enthusiasm. The railroaders call this intersection, which they call "tekatu", "takatuka" because of the sounds that come out when the train passes. In this respect, Izmir Crescent Station is one of the riches of our country and Izmir.