Indicating that children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may have difficulty in the distance education system carried out due to the pandemic, experts point out that the possible problems that may be experienced may decrease with some precautions. Expressing that treatment should not be interrupted in this process, experts recommend that the environment in which to study should be plain and that distracting elements should be eliminated. According to experts, it is also very important for the child to exercise, play, limit the use of technology and socialize with friends by paying attention to physical distance.
Üsküdar University NP Feneryolu Medical Center Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Specialist Asst. Assoc. Dr. Neriman Kilit said that children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may have problems in distance education.
They have more compliance issues
Stating that these children lose their motivation faster and they can get away from the idea of studying regularly, Dr. Neriman Kilit said, “It is a well-known fact that these children may have difficulties in organizing and organizing their daily lives, being over-mobilized and not getting rid of their energy at home, and their risk of technology addiction for entertainment purposes is higher and they may experience more frequent adaptation problems in friendships.
Moving away from face-to-face training is a disadvantage
Stating that children with ADHD stay away from face-to-face education and get involved in distance education, Dr. Neriman Kilit said, "It is obvious that these children are more prone than their peers in terms of getting away from school life, falling in their academic success, time management and organizing in their daily lives, distancing from social life, falling in their peers, being overly mobile and developing screen addiction."
Hear this advice
Stating that taking all these risks into consideration, some precautions can be taken to ensure that children with ADHD are least affected by this process. Neriman Kilit listed her recommendations as follows:
“First of all, the virus and its protection methods should be explained to the child in a language that they can understand, and the protection methods should be explained and explained. In addition, it should not be forgotten that it is very important to continue the treatment of the child during this period. Children should take medications regularly and should not neglect psychiatric examinations.
Care should be taken to maintain daily routines
First of all, it is very important to protect the daily routines of children. The child should wake up at the same time every morning, have breakfast, change clothes (wear the school uniform if possible) and be at the beginning of the distance education exactly at the same time every morning when he / she needs to wake up in the morning as if he / she is continuing face-to-face education.
Distracting materials in the lesson should be away
While distance education lessons continue, children should not be allowed to carry materials that may distract children such as toys and mobile phones, which are prohibited in face-to-face education.
Chat between lessons
Again, it should not be allowed to use screen devices such as televisions for entertainment purposes during the lessons, instead, short chats with the child can be made or a snack can be provided if the child is hungry.
The training room should be well organized
If the child is very active, it is useful to walk around the house and direct him to activities that will throw his energy. At the same time, the room where the child will watch online lessons should be arranged nicely, the necessary silence and distraction should be free from external factors, and should be made suitable for listening to the lesson.
Stopwatch can be used
In addition, after the end of the course, it is important to guide the child and insist on his routine in the way of planning the rest of the time, as when the child comes home from school during the face-to-face education period. You can delay the risk of distracting your child's attention with the use of stopwatches and reminders. "
To avoid distractions
Noting that some arrangements can be made to prevent distraction, Dr. Neriman Kilit said, “Changes in the seating arrangement (for example not sitting in front of the window, removing distractions from view), changes made for appropriate lighting and noise (for example, using headphones), providing short but effective focus times by taking frequent breaks to make the child's education efficient ( Creating "I have to take a break" cards, using an alarm and stopwatch to remind you of the break and starting time), putting your mobile phone into flight mode or keeping it in a place where you can mutually agree, keeping the use of entertainment screens such as televisions and computers off during the study "It is one of the changes that can be made."
Determine the study program together
Dr. Neriman Kilit also noted that it is necessary to help the child determine his / her working schedule and said, “You can post a message on the door stating that he / she does not want to be disturbed, tell his friends when you can visit him or call him, and set alarms. He will need your guidance on these issues ”.
Technology use must be controlled
Underlining that children with ADHD should pay attention to the use of technology, especially for entertainment purposes, Dr. Neriman Kilit said:
“It should not be forgotten that it is important for your child to avoid unproductive excessive focus (hyperfocus). Excessive focus is a common symptom of ADHD. An over-focused activity can waste time and energy on more important and priority lessons and assignments. In this regard, be sure to add games and activities that you can do and play together to the children's entertainment activities. For example, learn to play musical instruments, draw, do sports activities, play indoor games, and always limit the use of recreational technology. "
Social interaction and exercise required
Noting that exercise is useful and necessary for both physical health and ADHD symptoms of the child, Dr. Neriman Kilit said, “Exercise increases focus. It will be beneficial to ventilate the room where the child listens and works, to allow sunlight to enter, to spend time in the garden or balcony without disturbing the physical isolation, to provide an environment that allows sports activities at home, on the balcony or in the garden, and to move regularly. Let your child spend time with friends (from a safe distance!). It is very important to continue social interaction, chat and stay socially connected with the community. Chat and spend time with your child. "It is very important to continue social interaction, chat and stay socially connected with the community."
The process can challenge all children
"Finally, it should not be forgotten that we are going through a difficult process, our children are faced with the distance education process they are not so accustomed to," said Dr. Neriman Kilit completed his words as follows:
“Whether or not they have ADHD, this process can lead to children not getting out of the holiday mood, not being serious about school, being away from being social because they spend too much time at home, using excessive technology, and causing our children to need our support and motivation excessively. Of course, distance education and pandemic periods are not a factor that can cause ADHD alone in children, but it can increase the symptoms of children with ADHD or cause ADHD-like symptoms to appear in children without ADHD diagnosis. In this respect, I think it would be beneficial to apply these suggestions above to children who are not diagnosed with ADHD. " - Hibya News Agency