First National Locomotives in Turkish Railway History Bozkurt and Karakurt

The First National Locomotives of Turkish Railway History Bozkurt and Karakurt. Our first domestic locomotives named Bozkurt and Karakurt are now retired and waiting for their visitors….


If the development of industry in Eskişehir had been the subject of a legend, I think that in the beginning, göz There were wetlands and fertile lands that stretched to the horizon as far as the eye could get in Eskişehir, Eğer and it would continue:

“… One day two iron rods cut this rich land in half and an iron car breathing hot steam passed over these bars. SHE IS zamPeople also saw that, thanks to this iron cart, the Iraqis are not as remote as they used to be; the place has changed, the sky has changed, people have changed, they have started to do new things ... "

The passage of the Istanbul-Baghdad Railway through Eskişehir in 1894 was no zamthe moment was not the subject of such a legend; However, it is indisputable that it is an important factor on the socio-economic structure of the region and a major driving force in the initiation and development of the industrialization phase in the region.

1825 25 3 1866 519 1 3 The 389 XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX The length of the line is only XNUMX km. Moreover, only the XNUMX / XNUMX part of this line is located on Anatolia and XNUMX km is between Constanta-Tuna and Varna-Ruse.

The Ottoman Government is considering the connection of Haydarpaşa to Baghdad, and thus the line which will connect India with Europe.

In the 1886 year at the end of the XIX century, Haydarpaşa-Izmit part of the Marmara Sea basin of the Anatolian-Baghdad line was constructed and put into service.

8 October 1888 date and operation concession of this line with the edifice of Izmit-Ankara part of the Ottoman Ottoman Shimendifer is given to the company. 15 August In 1893, the construction started from Eskişehir to Konya and 31 arrived in Konya in July 1893.

In the 1894, a small workshop called the Anatolian-Ottoman Company was established in Eskişehir in order to meet the need for steam locomotive and railway repair by the Germans in connection with the Anatolian-Baghdad railway. Thus, the foundation of today's TÜLOMSAŞ is laid. Here, small-scale locomotives, passenger and freight wagons were repaired, and the boilers of the locomotives were sent to Germany for repair and all spare parts were imported.

black Wolf

The first locomotive is born; Üstünde KARAKURT T on the tracks.

In 1958, Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi is organized for new and big targets under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory. This target is to manufacture the first domestic locomotive and in 1961, the honor memorial of the Turkish workers and engineers holds the factory in the factory. This is the first Turkish steam locomotive with 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 and capable of accelerating at 70 km / h.

4 April 1957 Director Adnan MENDERES, who attended the opening ceremony of the Cement Factory in Eskişehir (Çukurhisar), gave an honor to the State Railroad Cer At Workshop in 5 April and visited all the factories of the factories and especially the Apprentice School. were also found in. Then, in order to popularize the ring, train and railway, he visited the youth park of Mehmet Özkan and beğen Efe omot which was to be operated in Ankara Youth Park.

In 1958, Eskişehir Cer Atölyesi is organized for new and big targets under the name of Eskişehir Railway Factory. This target is to manufacture the first domestic locomotive and in 1961, the honor memorial of the Turkish workers and engineers holds the factory in the factory. This is the first Turkish steam locomotive with 1915 horsepower, weighing 97 and capable of accelerating at 70 km / h.

gray wolf

Booth, she belongs to the Republic of Turkey State Railways zamThe name of the first Turkish locomotive produced by the Tüdemsaş company, whose current name is Sivas Railway Factories.

The Sivas Cer Atölyesi was reorganized to produce the locomotive and freight wagons by taking the name of Sivas Railway Factory. After this reorganization work, the construction work started in 1959 year and all of them were completed in a very short time by the team consisting of Turkish workers and engineers. In the same period, Karakull (locomotive) Karakurt locomotive was opened by Tülomsaş Company in Eskişehir. The biggest features of this 1961 locomotive is that it is the first domestic Turkish locomotives.

In Sivas, Turkey Railway Machines Industry Inc. in Turkey Railway Machines Industry A.Ş. (TÜDEMSAŞ) with serial number 56202 produced Turkey's first domestic locomotive, Booth, began to serve in railways in 1961. 25 year-long trains on the railway, the locomotive, due to the service life of the institution has been retired.

Placed on the rails established in front of the factory, Bozkurt attracts the attention of the visitors. Visitors before the departure of the locomotive before taking pictures of the moment. There are many ministers, deputies and bureaucrats among those who take a memorial photo.

The locomotive, in which features such as steam boiler, empty weight, operation, friction weight, pulling force are described in a letter prepared in front of the factory, has passed since the day it was produced. zamOn the other hand, he evaluates the memory with his own feelings on the sign placed in front of him:

Im I'm the first locomotive engineer in the Turkish railway station in Sivas. 56202 In November 20, I entered the service of TCDD. Thousands of tons of beautiful land behind me from the east, west, north, south went hundreds of times. Numerous discomforts I have experienced during my service have been improved by railway staff.

At the end of the 25 annual service, I retired on the grounds that I completed my economic and technical life. I have been manufactured, changed and evolved after the name of TUCEMSAS 25 year I served on the rails I have served, painted, they decorate like a bride. I was surrounded by flowers and lawns. I'm happy to watch the wagons, which are produced and repaired, in the chirping of the birds. I am happy, happy, thank you for your interest. Rahat


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